Basic first aid tips every worker should know
Basic life support
If a person stops breathing, it is important to first check if that person responds to conversation or touch. If not, you should call for immediate help and, meanwhile, perform rescue breaths. Tilt the person’s head upwards by pressing gently on the forehead and lifting the chin. These basic first aid tips make sure the person’s tongue isn’t blocking their throat. Check for breathing by watching for a rise and fall of the chest, or the sound of breaths.
If, after 10 seconds, the person shows no signs of breathing, then begin basic life support. Place your hand in the middle of the person’s chest, keeping your elbows straight, and begin compressions of about 5cm at a rate of 100 per minute. After 30 compressions, position the persons head as described above and pinch the nose. Then, inhaling, place your mouth over theirs and exhale, ensuring their chest inflates. Do this twice, followed by another 30 compressions, and so on, until the person begins to breathe on their own. Having knowledge of basic first aid tips like this might save somebody’s life.
Generally, small cuts clot by themselves after a few minutes, and should just be cleaned and covered with a plaster. Deeper cuts usually produce darker blood, which should be stopped using gentle pressure with clean fabric, followed by a covering or a bandage. Usually, these wounds do need stitches, so medical attention should be sought after following first aid. Arterial bleeding is pulsating and often squirts from a wound forcefully. Hard pressure should be applied and maintained until medical attention can be found. Basic first aid tips such as these can stem otherwise fatal bleeding until help arrives.
If someone is having trouble speaking and is choking, hit them forcefully between their shoulder blades. If that doesn’t work, you may need to know how to carry out a heimlich manoeuvre – get behind the person choking and lock your hands just above the navel. Forcefully thrust your arms upward to dislodge the object trapped in their throat.
Make sure any objects or furniture that the person could possibly come into contact with and injure themselves is moved out of reach. Do not try and restrain them – this basic first aid tip will prevent any further injury to both yourself and the person you are trying to help. When the seizure is finished, lie the person on their side to make sure their airway remains open. Do not leave them alone, as they will be disorientated and confused.
Make sure no clothing is covering the area affected, and reduce swelling by placing ice on the skin. Try and keep the bone in the position it was found – this might involve holding the person’s arm still, or making a splint out of cardboard or rolled up newspaper and tape. Basic first aid tips, of course, can only go so far. Medical attention is necessary to treat a broken bone, but try and get the person you are aiding to refrain from eating or drinking, in case surgery is required.
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